Making a ‘victim’ out of the Culprit
Four women are raped in Pakistan every day. Let this figure sink in. For too many, this might just sink in rather easily because rape and other forms of sexual violence are such a frequent occurrence in Pakistan that they almost seem to have become an accepted reality of life here. The latest statistics on sexual assault were released recently in a report by War Against Rape (WAR), which has, once again, revealed the abysmal state of affairs with respect to the prevalence of sex crimes in the country. Reported cases of sexual assault nearly doubled last year, with 772 cases reported in 2013 and 1,582 cases in 2014. There was also an increase in cases of child sexual abuse with 3,003 cases of child sexual abuse in 2013, which rose by nearly 500 to 3,508 in 2014. While this indicates a substantial increase in the number of reported cases, it is still only a small minority that chooses to do so.
Referring to statistics from Karachi, the WAR report says there were over 380 cases of sexual assault reported in three major public hospitals in the city last year, but the percentage of FIRs filed was only 27.67 per cent. This brings us to a most important question: why do people choose not to report such cases and when will women in particular have better access to justice? The percentage reporting such cases is abysmal and it clearly indicates not only the procedural problems with reporting sexual abuse, but more so the insensitivity with which survivors are treated by the legal system. It does not matter how many anti-rape laws are made, although legislation in this area is important. If the state machinery is out of reach and getting justice a distant hope for most, how can this violence possibly be curbed? All around us are rape survivors and all around us are their perpetrators, who go by with their lives unaffected, and who face no consequences because it is the rape survivor who is stigmatised.
The attitude of the police, the judiciary and the media remains the same, where it is the survivors of sexual abuse who are looked down upon rather than those who wronged them. The little progress that has been made in the media, and that too only in some sections, is to avoid naming survivors of sexual violence, and to refer to them as ‘survivors’ rather than as ‘victims’. The rest pretty much remains the same with there being more concern about a woman’s character than the crime itself. This attitude of state organs is nothing more than a reflection of our society that as a whole keeps finding ‘reasons’ behind sex crimes, which amounts to making a ‘victim’ out of the culprit; a ‘victim’ who loses control of himself when he sees a woman late at night; a ‘victim’ who feels he has the right to abuse or assault someone because of the way someone is dressed.
The figures in the WAR report include those on rape, gang-rape, sodomy and incest. Other cases of sexual abuse have not been factored in and it can only be imagined what the figures would look like if all forms of abuse are accounted for. In the 45 cases investigated by WAR, it found that the age group most vulnerable to sexual assault was between five and 13 years. In this regard, children from low-income neighbourhoods living in dense localities are the most vulnerable.
Such reports come out every year, but unfortunately do not have the kind of hard-hitting impact they should. This is the value that we, as a society, give to human life, the importance we give to those most vulnerable to sexual violence. This is a reflection of how indifferent we are to the physical and psychological trauma that countless people go through. What are we doing as a society, as a state, to stop this? Does widespread sexual abuse even factor in as a societal concern? Are we having the necessary conversations in our homes to save our children? These are questions we must ask ourselves. We must ask ourselves how long this violation will continue and how many more lives will be ruined in this manner.
The army on July 3 announced that it has successfully completed the “preliminary phase” of the operation to clear the Shawal Valley. The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) have sanctuaries in the valley and it is these that the military have sought to eliminate. As well as a terrorist stronghold, the valley is a key smuggling route between Pakistan and Afghanistan, with drugs, guns and munitions passing through regularly.
The announcement is but the latest in a long string of similar statements going back to the beginning of Operation Zarb-e-Azb. As ever we broadly welcome the development, it should be noted that there needs to be more information and independent corroboration forthcoming regarding the operations that have been carried out to eliminate militancy in the tribal areas. There seems to be little detail as to where the enemy has disappeared to, presuming they were not all completely wiped out.
If the TTP have demonstrated one thing in the last year, it is their durability and capacity for absorbing casualties. They appear to have no difficulty with recruitment and retention, remain adequately funded and whilst their operational style may have been cramped, they cannot be regarded to be completely defeated as of yet. There is a commendable single-mindedness in the statements emanating from Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif, and there can be no doubting his commitment to the job at hand nor that of the troops he leads, but there is a hint of frustration when he speaks of the need to “ensure IDPs’ expeditious and dignified return to better built and rehabilitated areas for long-term stability” — because the civilian end of the job is proceeding far from smoothly or in a disciplined manner. There are limits to what the military can achieve and at some point the civil administration has to step up to the plate and rebuild homes, schools, health centres and other infrastructure. Wars are destructive; they leave chaos in their wake. Populations have to be rehabilitated and that takes time, effort and money. Above all, the reasons for going to war in the first place must be eliminated. A job the government has yet to get to grips with.
Express Tribune Editorials – 5th July 2015